Shri V.P. Suri, Director of Education, Delhi Administration, Delhi (25th October, 1990)

- The proposal to have schools with reduced hours of learning is not a practical suggestion in the-existing situation in cosmopolitan cities like Delhi. There is already pressure to have two shifts. The suggestion to have classes twice a day is also not practical as children would not like to go back to school again the same day. Further the suggestion is not feasible to implement in schools where two shifts are already functioning.

- The suggestion that the first generation learners may come and go as and when they like is again an impractical suggestion. This type of practice by some children would create problems of discipline.

Shri Radha Raman Shastri, Education Minister, Himachal Pradesh (25th October, 1990)

- Effective measures for improvement of primary education in the country should be taken Early childhood education should be made an integral part of primary education.

Shri H. Thoi Thoi Singh, Education Minister, Manipur (25th October, 1990)

- The burden of parents on the education of their wards should be reduced by providing free books, uniform, mid-day meals etc. to the students.


- The proposal on opening up and non-formalising the school system should be implemented in a phased manner. To begin with the scheme should be introduced in 25 percent of the schools.

Shri Hari Kumar Audichya, Education Minister, Rajasthan (25th October, 1990)

- The standard of primary education throughout the country should be uniform. Common school system should be introduced.

- Non-formal Education (NFE) should be made work oriented. NFE programme should be woven around elements of general awareness. It should be linked with school, subjects so that the child can link himself with the main system of higher education.

Shri R.S. Jambule, Director of Education, Government of Maharashtra, Bombay (25th October, 1990)

- Non-formal education programme should not be given up.

Shri S.N. Bajpai, Education Minister, Uttar Pradesh, (25th October, 1990)

- Primary education is the base of educational system. Efforts should be made to provide all necessary amenities for primary education.

- The teaching of Science and mathematics should commence at the Primary stage itself. Provision should be made for laboratories and qualified teachers for teaching these subjects.

- For achieving universal- elementary education (UEE), non-formal education should be integrated with formal education. Once UEE is achieved, non-formal system will automatically fade out.


Shri V. Sankara Subbaiyan, Secretary (Education), Government of Tamil Nadu, Madras, (25th October, 1990)

- Investment in elementary education is not adequate. For providing incentives, more funds are required.

Shri Ashok Kumar Mishra, Secretary (Education), Government of Orissa, Bhubaneswar (25th October, 1990)

- The system of non-formal education has not been a success. It should be integrated with the elementary education Shiksha Karmi schools (Lower Primary Schools) should be established in those habitations which are not served by any primary school. Such schools should act as formal. education centres in the morning, as non-formal education centres in the evening and also as adult education centres and centres for recreation for the community. These centres should be integrated with upper primary schools of the area. The scheme of `Jan Shiksha Nilayam' is not advisable.

Shri Rajat Kar, Director, SCERT, Orissa, Bhubaneswar (25th October, 1990)

- Non-formal education centre should be continued for some more time till the concept of `opening up and non-formalising the school system' takes practical shape. There should not be any age limits with regard to students in NFE centres and adult education centres.

These centres also should not be mutually exclusive.

- Features of early childhood education should be weaved into the primary education.


Shri P. Mathew Samuel., Director of Education, Government of Pondicherry, Pondicherry (25th October, 1990

- Primary schools should be the main instrument for universalisation of elementary education.

- Doing away with the non-formal education is not a correct approach. Steps should be taken to structure NFE and train the personnel involved in it.

Shri J.S. Badan, Secretary (Higher Education), Government of Kerala, Thiruvanthapuram (25th October, 1990)

- More funds should be provided for opening and betterment of primary schools.

Shri K.V. Madanan, Director of Public Instruction, Government of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram (25th October, 1990)

- There is a need for an effective policy of pre-primary education.

- Poverty is the chief reason for drop out. Therefore, incentives like mid-day meals, free textbooks, uniform etc. should be provided to school children.

Shri T. Venka Reddy, Director School- Education, Government of Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad (25th October, 1990)

- The concept of opening up and non-formalising the school system is a welcome one. If the educational needs and interests of students are taken into consideration by the schools, there would be no need for a non-formal system of education to work as a parallel and complementary system of formal education.


Dr. (Mrs.) Rajammal. P. Devadas, Vice-Chancellor, Sri Avinash Lingam Institute for Home Science & Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore, (26th October, 1990)

- The need of the hour is removal of illiteracy. All persons involved in education should join in this endeavour Special efforts should be made for preventing `dropout'. Traditional and professional skills of adults should be usefully exploited in the literacy programme.

- A system of incentives and punishment should be introduced: incentives for sending children and punishments for not sending them to schools.

- English medium primary schools should be abolished.

Dr. K. Raman Pillai, Director State Centre, Thirvananthapuram, (26th October, 1990)

- Even though opening up and non-formalising school is a laudable idea it would practically amount to dismantling the existing school system.

Prof. V.C. Kulandaiswamy, Vice-Chancellor, Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi (26th October, 1990)

- The Perspective Paper has not indicated the dates by which universalisation of elementary education and universalisation of primary education should be achieved. The target for UEE should be the year 1995.


Prof. Ram Lal G. Parik, Vice-Chancellor, Gujarat Vidyapeeth, Ahmedabad (26th October, 1990)

- Lower secondary stage is rightly integrated with higher secondary. Similarly pre-primary and primary stages should also be integrated.

- Article 45 of the constitution envisages that elementary education should be independent and not subservient to school education.

Dr.(Mrs.) Sarojoni Varshney, Retired Principal., Mahila Mahavidyalaya Banaras & Prof. of Education, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (26 Oct. 1990)

- Non-formalisation of school education is a good concept. The idea of school on wheels should be experimented with.

Prof. Vijaya, IGNOU, New Delhi (26 Oct. 1990)

- The proposal to have the teachers who teach the subject as evaluators is not desirable.

Prof. G.S. Randhawa, Vice-Chancellor, GND University, Amritsar (26 OCt. 1990)

- Voluntary efforts for spreading literacy should be encouraged. If disadvantaged sections of population cannot come to school, school. will have to go to them.

Dr. A.K. Srivastava, Director, Central. Institute of Indian Languages, Mysore (26 Oct. 1990)

- Non-Formal Education should also be continued.


Shri R.K. Kapila, Chairman, Forum of Public Schools and Principal, Luxman Public School., New Delhi (26 Oct. 1990)

- The Committee should recommend the minimum age of admission to class I i.e. whether it should be 5 years of 6 years.

Shri Shatrughan Prasad Singh, Joint Secretary, Bihar Madhyamik Shikshan Sangh, Patna (29 Oct. 1990)

- Formal education system should be non-formalised.

Prof. A.K. Sharma, Joint Director, NCERT (Views of NCERT) (29 Oct. 1990)

- It would be unrealistic to do away with Non-Formal Education keeping in view the socioeconomic constraints and resource crunch. Non-Formal. Education is necessary to provide education to the unfortunate children who do not get education in formal schools.

- The concept of minimum level of learning may not be conducive to the achievement of UEE. What is needed is provision of `differential inputs' and not that of setting up differential. levels of learning. However, the formal system should assist the NFE in terms of use of school buildings and other facilities.

- The proposal for non-formalisation and opening up of schools should be first experimented on pilot basis.

- ECCE should not only to be seen as an input for primary education but also to receive attention on its own merits of providing health care, nutrition and education to the children.

- The Perspective Paper has not properly examined the 10 year general. education concept implemented in the 1970s. The NCERT surveys


indicate that the concept of neighbourhood school has no relevance to rural scenario. It is only the public schools In urban areas which need to be changed to neighbourhood schools. However, article 30 of the constitution is an Impediment to the implementation of this concept.

Dr. K.L. Johar, Principal, M.L.N. College, Yamuna Nagar (29 Oct. 1990)

- The efforts should primarily aim at improving elementary education. The funds allocated for higher education should be diverted to elementary education.

Shri Amar Nath Jha, Lecturer, Ramahalakh Jalan College, Dambhinagar, Bihar (29 Oct. 1990)

- Primary education system should be given more funds.

Dr. Shiv Shankar Mishra, Head, P.G. Department of Comm. & Management, Marathwada University, Aurangabad (29 Oct. 1990)

- We must ensure that all children in the age group of 6-14 years are in school. The Committee should avoid entering into the dispute on private-public schools.

Dr. Ashok Kumar Gupta, Reader, NCERT, New Delhi (30 Oct. 1990)

- Incentives like mid-day meal programme should be introduced for attracting children to schools. The mid-day meal programme also helps in social integration.


Dr. John Vallamattam, Editor, Indian Currents, New Delhi (30 Oct. 1990)

- Non-formal education programmes should be discontinued because of the misuse of the money involved. The funds allocated for these programmes should be diverted to elementary education sector.

Shri P. Sreerama Krishnan, Student Member, Syndicate, University of Calicut, Calicut (7th November, 1990)

- Giving equal status to formal and Non-formal education would be a wrong strategy.

Shri Pargat Singh, Dehati Students Union, Punjabi University, Patiala (7th November, 1990)

- Educational facilities are still not available in most of the villages Priority should be given to ensuring primary education for all in the rural areas.

Shri Pratap Samal, Secretary, All India Democratic Students Organisation, New Delhi (7th November, 1990)

- Universalisation of education at primary level in villages is an essential pre-requisite for rural development. However, at present the facilities available in rural schools are very poor Out of 1,90,000 primary schools in 1978-79, forty percent were not having school building and 33,000 were not having teachers. Primary education should be treated as priority sector.

Shri Bratin Sengupta, Joint Secretary, Students Federation of India, New Delhi (7th November, 1990)

- Universalisation of Elementary education is a must and should be implemented even through legislation.


Shri Harish Tyagi, Convenor, All India Democratic Youth Organisation, New Delhi (7th November, 1990)

- Universalisation of education is very important. Measures will have to be devised to provide education to the large segment of child population outside school system. In order to bring these children who are from the poorer sections of society to school, financial incentives should be provided to their families. For them struggle for their existence is a more serious matter than the need for education.

Ms. Sona Satsangi, Student, Dayalbagh Educational. Institute, Agra (7th November, 1990)

- Primary education should be compulsory and accessible to all.

- Non-formal Education is essential and important.

Shri Shyam Sunder Aggarwal, Executive Member, All. India Students Federation, New Delhi (7th November, 1990)

- Measures should be suggested for the education of children belonging to weaker sections of society who are at present outside the purview of schools. They should be provided free meals, free textbooks and free uniforms in addition to cash compensation for attending school Non-formal. Education cannot be considered as an alternative to formal education. It should be complementary to formal education.


Shri O.P. Kohli, Member, Executive, Akhil Bhartiya Vidyarthi Parishad, New Delhi, (7th November, 1990)

- Formal and Non-formal. Education are not two conflicting approaches. There is greater scope for innovation and experimentation in NonFormal Education. As such it may be an alternative too.

Shri Sandeep Kale, President, P.G. Students Association, Marathwada University, Aurangabad, (7th November, 1990)

- Education upto Class X should be compulsory and parents who do not send their children to school should be penalised.

Shri R. Chandrasekharan, Students Chairman, Research Scholars and Students Association, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore (7th November, 1990)

- Incentive like mid-day meal should be provided to children to attract them to schools.