STATEWISE POSITION OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE THREE LANGUAGE FORMULA, WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO URDU

Andhra Pradesh

First language

Any of the following languages may be offered

(a) Telugu, Hindi, Urdu, Kannada, Tamil, Oriya, Marathi, Gujarati; or

(b) A composite course or any of the languages mentioned in (a) above with an allied classical lan- guage; or

(c) A composite course of (i) any of the languages in (a) above which is the mother-tongue of the pupils and (ii) one other from the regional languages of the State (Telugu, Urdu, Tamil, Kannada, Oriya and Marathi are recognised as regional languages of the State); or

(d) Urdu or Kannada or Tamil or Oriya or Marathi or Gujarati with the study of Hindi in Devnagari script as a minor part of the course.

Second language

(a) For those who do not study Hindi under any of the groups (a), (b), (c), and (d) under first language Hindi.

(b) For those who do not study Telugu under first language except those in (b) Telugu.

(c) For those non-permanent residents of the State e.g. children of Central Government employees liable for transfer to any place of India any regional language of the State (other than the pupils' first language) or any modern Indian language (other than the first language) or a non-detailed course of English or Hindi or drawing or any other Fine Arts such as Music.

Jammu & Kashmir

The three language formula has not so far been adopted in the State.

Kerala

First language

Part I Malayalam, Tamil, Kannada, Sanskrit, Arabic, French, Gujarati, or Urdu

Part II Malayalam, Tamil, Kannada or special English for English medium pupils.

Second language

English ; and

Third language

Hindi

Madhya Pradesh

At middle stage

(a) Mother-tongue

(b) (i) Hindi for those whose mother-tongue is not Hindi

(ii) Sanskrit for those whose mother-tongue is Hindi

(c) English as additional subject.

At Secondary Stage

(a) First language of Higher Standard from any one of the following:

Hindi, Marathi, Urdu, Bengali, Gujarati, Sindhi, Punjabi, Tamil and Telugu.

(b) Second language lower standard from Hindi, Marathi, Urdu, Bengali, Gujarati, Sindhi, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Sanskrit, French, Arabic and Persian.

(c) English as additional subject.

Maharashtra

(a) Regional language-Marathi.

(b) Hindi

(c) English.

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Karnataka

First language

Regional language or classical language or mother- tongue or composite course of:

(i) Regional language plus classical language OR

(ii) Regional language plus mother-tongue OR

(iii) Mother-tongue plus classical language.

Second language

English or Regional language or classical language or Alternate English.

Third language

Hindi or Regional language or classical language or Alternate Hindi.

Nagaland

(i) Hindi

(ii) English

Orissa

(i) MIL (Oriya, Hindi, Urdu, Telugu and Bengali) provided that the candidate whose mother-tongue not any one of the languages (Oriya, Hindi Bengali, Urdu and Telugu) may offer paper in alternative English in lieu of MIL.

(ii) English

(iii) (a) For students who take Oriya as MIL (1) Sanskrit (2) Hindi (Lower standard)

(b) For students who take Hindi as MIL (1) Sanskrit (2) Oriya (Lower standard)

(c) For students who take languages other than Hindi or Oriya (Higher standard as MIL) or

who take alternate English.

(1) Hindi (lower standard) or Sanskrit or Persian

(2) Oriya (lower standard).

Punjab

(i) At all levels of instruction Punjabi will be the First Compulsory language and the medium of instruction.

(ii) Hindi will be the Second Compulsory language from the 4th Primary Class.

(iii) English will be the Third Compulsory Language from the 6th class.

Rajasthan

(i) Hindi

(ii) English

(iii) Sanskrit or Tamil, Malayalam and Bengali in specified areas or only under specific, orders of the Government another language mentioned in the Eighth Schedule.

Tamil Nadu

Part A Regional language or mother-tongue where it is different from the regional language.

Part B English or any other non-Indian language.

Uttar Pradesh

(i) Hindi-The regional language

(ii) Any one of the languages mentioned in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution and Nepali.

(iii) English or any other modern European languages.

West Bengal

First language

Mother-tongue, which may be any recognised modern Indian language or English-in classes I to X or I to XI as the case may be.

Second language

English or, if English be the first language, Bengali- in classes III to X or III to XI as the case may be.

Third language

(a) Hindi, or if Hindi be the first language, Bengali in classes V to VII of all schools;

(b) any one of the following classical languages, namely, Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian, Latin or Greek

(i) as a compulsory subject in class VIII of all schools;

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(ii) as compulsory subjects in classes IX and X of High School; and

(iii) as one of the three compulsory elective subjects for the Humanities Course and as an optional fourth elective subject for any other course of study in classes IX, X and XI of Higher Secondary Schools :

Provided that a student having Hindi as the first language may take up Bengali as the third language in lieu of a classical language and a student having a recognised modern Indian language other than Hindi or Bengali as the first language may take up either Hindi or Bengali as the third language in lieu of a classical language.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

First language

Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Malayalam or Tamil

Second language

English

Third language

Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Sanskrit or Persian. The third language will not be the same as offered against first language.

Chandigarh

(a) Mother-tongue from 1st to IIIrd class

(b) Mother-tongue and Regional language from IV to V classes

(c) Mother-tongue, Regional language and English from VI to X classes.

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

(i) Hindi from standard V to XI

(ii) English from standard V to XI

(iii) Sanskrit from standard IX to XI.

Delhi

First language

Hindi or any other modern Indian language.

Second language

English

Third language

Hindi or Sanskrit or Craft etc.

Goa, Daman and Diu

(a) Konkani, Hindi and English OR

(b) Marathi, Hindi and English OR

(c) Konkani, Marathi, Hindi and English OR

(d) Gujarati, Hindi and English.

Himachal Pradesh

(i) Hindi

(ii) English

(iii) Urdu.

Laccadives, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands

In all schools excepting higher secondary schools:

The three language formula is as follows:

First language

Malayalam (Regional) Arabic

Second language

English

Third language

Hindi.

In Higher secondary Schools : English/Malayalam/Hindi and Hindi/Malayalam as First, Second and Third language respectively.

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Manipur

For those whose Mother-tongue is Manipuri

Hindi lower level, Manipuri Higher level and English in Higher Secondary Schools

For tribal students

Hindi lower level, Manipuri lower level and English in higher secondary schools.

North East Frontier Agency

(i) Assamese

(ii) Hindi

(iii) English.

Pondichery

Part I: Tamil or mother-tongue

Part II: Hindi or any other Indian language not in Part I

Part III: English or any other non-Indian language.

Tripura

(a) First language

Regional language in general and mother-tongue in case of a particular Tribal Community viz., namely Lushais who have a written language.

(b) Second language

English

(c) Third language

(i) Hindi for classes VI to VII

(ii) Sanskrit/Pali/Arabic for class VIII

(iii) From IX upwards as in West Bengal.

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